Vocabulary Words

  1. Cholesterol – a fat-like substance necessary for life that is present in cells and body fluid
  2. Atherosclerosis – a condition in which artery walls thicken because of build-up of fatty materials like cholesterol
  3. Arteriosclerosis – a general term for the hardening of arteries
  4. Hypertension – high blood pressure, a lifestyle disease which can lead to heart disease
  5. Coronary Heart Disease – a medical condition where the narrowing of the arteries leads to failure to deliver blood to the heart and surrounding tissues
  6. Heart Attack – an interruption of blood supply to any part of the heart, which causes that part of the heart to die
  7. Stroke – a medical condition in which blood supply to part of the brain is blocked
  8. Heart Failure – a medical condition in which the heart can’t pump enough blood to the body
  9. Maximum Oxygen Uptake (VO2max) – maximum amount of oxygen that an individual can utilize during intense or maximal exercise
  10. Equilibrium – a condition of having the net forces on the body perfectly oppose, resulting in balance
  11. Center of Gravity – the point at the center of an object’s mass
  12. Range of Motion – the distance an object can travel when connected to another object, the maximum distance and direction a joint should be able to move
  13. Flexion – the movement involved in bending a joint
  14. Extension – the movement involved in straightening a joint
  15. Hyperextension – the motion involved in bending the joint in the opposite direction from the flexion motion
  16. Balance – the ability to neutralize forces that might disturb equilibrium
  17. Stability – a measure of our ability to maintain balance even when faced with a series of large forces
  18. Spotter – a person responsible for assisting a weight lifter to weight train safely
  19. Dietary Supplement – any substance taken to provide nutrients that may be missing from an individual’s diet
  20. Joint – the place where two or more bones join
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